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Recent Advances in Nanotechnology-Based Diagnosis and Treatments of Diabetes

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

Pasupuleti Visweswara Rao and Siew Hua Gan   Pages 371 - 375 ( 5 )

Abstract:


Nanotechnology is a field encompassing nanostructures, nanomaterials and nanoparticles, which are of increasing importance to researchers and industrial players alike. Nanotechnology addresses the construction and consumption of substances and devices on the nanometer scale. Nanomedicine is a new field that combines nanotechnology with medicine to boost human health care. Nanomedicine is an interdisciplinary field that includes various areas of biology, chemistry, physics and engineering. The most important problems related to diabetes management, such as self-monitoring of blood glucose levels and insulin injections, can now be conquered due to progress in nanomedicine, which offers glucose nanosensors, the layer-by-layer technique, carbon nanotubes, quantum dots, oral insulins, microspheres, artificial pancreases and nanopumps. In this review, the key methodological and scientific characteristics of nanomedicine related to diabetes treatment, glucose monitoring and insulin administration are discussed.

Keywords:

Diabetes, glucose nanosensors, nanotechnology, nanotubes, quantum dots.

Affiliation:

Faculty of Agro-Based Industry, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Campus Jeli, Locked Bag No. 100, 17600, Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia.



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