Mohammed Asadullah Jahangir, Chettupalli Anand, Abdul Muheem, Sadaf Jamal Gilani*, Md. Taleuzzaman, Ameeduz Zafar, Mohammad Jaffer, Surajpal Verma and Mohammad Abul Barkat Pages 1 - 13 ( 13 )
Herbal medicines are being used since ancient times and is an important part of alternative and traditional medicinal system. In recent decades scientists are embracing herbal medicines based on the fact that a number of drugs which are currently in use are derived directly or indirectly from plant sources. Moreover, herbal drugs have lesser side effects albeit are potentially strong therapeutic agents. The herbal medicine market is estimated to be around US $62 billion market globally. Herbal medicine has gained widespread acceptance due to its low toxicity, low cost, ease of accessibility and efficacy in treating difficult diseases. Safety and efficacy are another important factor in the commercialization process of herbal medicines. Nanotechnology have been shown to be potentially effective in improving the bioactivity and bioavailability of herbal medicines. Development of nano-phytomedicines (or by reducing the size of phytomedicine), attaching polymers with phytomedicines and modifying the surface properties of herbal drugs, increased the solubility, permeability and eventually the bioavailability of herbal formulations. Novel formulations such as niosomes, liposomes, nanospheres, phytosomes etc. can be exploited in this area. This article reviews herbal medicines which have prominent activity in Central Nervous System (CNS) disorder and reported nano-phytomedicines based delivery systems. Keywords: Nano formulation, phytomedicine, central nervous system, neurodegenerative disorder, nano-phytomedicines, herbal medicine.
Nano formulation, phytomedicine, central nervous system, neurodegenerative disorder, nano-phytomedicines, herbal medicine.
Department of Pharmaceutics, Nibha Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Rajgir, Nalanda-803116, Bihar, Department of Pharmaceutics, Anurag Group of Institutions, School of Pharmacy, Venkatapur, Ghatkesar, Telangana-500088, Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Education & Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi-110062, Department of Basic Health Sciences, Deanship of Preparatory Year (DPY), Princess Nourah bint Abdulrahman University, PO Box 84428, Riyadh, Faculty of Pharmacy, Maulana Azad University, Jodhpur 342802, Rajasthan, Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, Jouf University, Sakaka, Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Clinical Pharmacy, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Lovely Professional University, Phagwara144411, Punjab, Department of Pharmaceutics, College of Pharmacy, University of Hafr Al Batin, Hafr Al Batin- 31991