Desu N. K. Reddy*, Ramya Kumar, Shao-Pin Wang and Fu-Yung Huang* Pages 988 - 1001 ( 14 )
Background: The curcumin-C3 (cur-C3) complex obtained from Curcuma longa rhizome is a combination of three curcuminoids, namely, curcumin, dimethoxycurcumin, and bisdemethoxycurcumin. Cur and curcuminoids have been extensively researched for their wide range of therapeutic properties against inflammatory diseases, diabetes, and cancer.
Objective: In spite of their extensive medicinal properties, cur and curcuminoids have poor solubility and bioavailability due to their hydrophobicity. This limitation can be overcome by complexing cur-C3 with natural cyclic oligosaccharides, such as Cyclodextrin (CD).
Methods: In this study, cur-C3 and CD (α, β) inclusion complexes (ICs) were prepared with different molar ratios and characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and transmission electron microscopy.
Results: The cur-C3 cyclodextrin ICs showed an increased entrapment efficiency of 97.8% and improved antioxidant activity compared to cur and can be used as an antioxidant to reduce cancer-related oxidative stress. Additionally, α- CD ICs of curcumin-C3 caused an increase in growth inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that both α- and β-CDs are suitable carriers for cur-C3 and can be used as an effective treatment for cancer-associated oxidative stress and as a preventive treatment for nosocomial infections and pneumonia.
Antioxidant, antibacterial, curcumin-C3, cyclodextrin, inclusion complex, S. aureus.
Department of Chemistry, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Department of Biotechnology and Bioindustry Sciences, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Department of Chemistry, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Department of Chemistry, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan