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Novel Atypical Antipsychotics: Metabolism and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM)

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Roberto Mandrioli, Michele Protti and Laura Mercolini   Pages 141 - 151 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Medicinal chemistry is continually developing and testing new drugs and drug candidates to satisfactorily address the needs of patients suffering from schizophrenia. In the last few years, some significant additions have been made to the list of widely available atypical antipsychotics. In particular, iloperidone, asenapine and lurasidone have been approved by the USA's Food and Drug Administration in 2009-10.

In this paper, the most notable metabolic characteristics of these new drugs are addressed, with particular attention to their potential for pharmacokinetic interactions, and to the respective advantages and disadvantages in this regard.

Moreover, current perspectives on the therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of the considered drugs are discussed. Since TDM is most valuable when it allows the personalisation and optimisation of therapeutic practices, it is even more interesting in the case of novel drugs, such as those discussed here, whose real impact in terms of side and toxic effects on very large populations is still unknown. Some analytical notes, related to TDM application, are included for each drug.

Keywords:

Asenapine, atypical antipsychotics, iloperidone, lurasidone, metabolism, therapeutic drug monitoring.

Affiliation:

Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna, Department for Life Quality Studies (QuVi), Corso d’Augusto 237, 47921 Rimini, Italy.



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