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Metabolism of the Antituberculosis Drug Ethionamide

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Nuno Vale, Paula Gomes and Helder A. Santos   Pages 151 - 158 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Ethionamide (ETH) is an important second-line antituberculosis drug used for the treatment of patients infected with multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium. Although ETH is a structural analogue of isoniazid (INH), both are pro-drugs that need to be activated by mycobacterial enzymes to exert their antimicrobial activity. ETH mechanism of action is thought to be identical to INH although the pathway of activation is distinct from that of INH. ETH is activated by an EthA enzyme, leading to the formation of an Soxide metabolite that has considerably better activity than the parent drug. This review comprehensively examines the aspects related with the metabolism of ETH since its discovery up to today.

Keywords:

Ethionamide, ETH-SO, EthA, EthR, ETH-NAD, metabolism, tuberculosis, mycobacterium tuberculosis, multidrug resistance

Affiliation:

Centro de Investigacao em Quimica da Universidade do Porto, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Porto, R. Campo Alegre, 687, P- 4169-007 Porto, Portugal.



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